Install YunoHost

Select the hardware on which you want install YunoHost :


  • An x86 computer with VirtualBox installed and enough RAM capacity to be able to run a small virtual machine with 1024MB RAM and 8GB capacity (at least)
  • A reasonable ISP, preferably with a good and unlimited upstream bandwidth
  • A computer to read this guide, flash the image and access your server.
  • N.B. : Installing YunoHost in a VirtualBox is usually intended for testing. To run an actual server on the long-term, you usually need a dedicated physical machine (old computer, ARM board...) or a server online.

    Download the YunoHost image

    The links to the images are currently broken. While we resolve the issue, you can find them directly on

    If your host OS is 32 bits, be sure to download the 32-bit image.

    If you wish to check the validity of our signed images, you can download our public key.

    Create a new virtual machine

    It's okay if you can only have 32-bit versions, just be sure that you downloaded the 32-bit image previously.

    Tweak network settings

    This step is important to properly expose the virtual machine on the network

    Go to Settings > Network:

    • Select Bridged adapter
    • Select your interface's name: wlan0 if you are connected wirelessly, or eth0 otherwise.

    Boot up the virtual machine

    Start the virtual machine after selecting the YunoHost image.

    If you encounter the error "VT-x is not available", you probably need to enable Virtualization in the BIOS of your computer.

    Launch the graphical install

    You should see a screen like this:

    Preview of the ISO menu

    N.B.: Once you have validated the keyboard layout, the installation will be launched and will completely erase the data on your hard disk!

    1. Select Graphical install
    2. Select your language, your location, your keyboard layout, and eventually your timezone.
    3. The installer will then download and install all required packages.

    Proceed with the initial configuration

    If you are in the process of restoring a server using a YunoHost backup, you should skip this step and instead restore the backup instead of the postinstall step.

    In an internet browser, type https://yunohost.local (or yunohost-2.local, and so on if multiple YunoHost servers are on your network).

    If this doesn't work, you can look for the the local IP address of your server. The address typically looks like 192.168.x.y, and you should therefore type https://192.168.x.y in your browser's address bar.

    During the first visit, you will very likely encounter a security warning related to the certificate used by the server. For now, your server uses a self-signed certificate. You will later be able to add a certificate automatically recognized by web browsers as described in the certificate documentation. For now, you should add a security exception to accept the current certificate. (Though, PLEASE, do not take the habit of blindly accepting this kind of security alert!)

    You should then land on this page :

    Initial configuration page

    Preview of the Web initial configuration page
    Main domain

    This will be the domain used by your server's users to access the authentication portal. You can later add other domains, and change which one is the main domain if needed.

    • If you're new to self-hosting and do not already have a domain name, we recommend using a / / (e.g. Provided that it's not already taken, the domain will be configured automatically and you won't need any further configuration step. Please note that the downside is that you won't have full-control over the DNS configuration.

    • If you already own a domain name, you probably want to use it here. You will later need to configure DNS records as explained here.

    Yes, you have to configure a domain name. If you don't have any domain name and don't want a / / either, you can set up a dummy domain such as yolo.test and tweak your local /etc/hosts file such that this dummy domain points to the appropriate IP, as explained here.

    Administration password

    This password will be used to access to your server's administration interface. You will also use it to connect via SSH or SFTP . In general terms, this is your system's key, choose it carefully!

    Create a first user

    Once the postinstall is done, you should be able to actually log in the web admin interface using the administration password.

    So far, your server now has an admin user - but admin is not a "regular" user and can't be used to log on the user portal.

    Let's therefore add a first "regular" user.

    The first user you create is a bit special : it will receive emails sent to root@yourdomain.tld and admin@yourdomain.tld. These emails may be used to send technical informations or alerts.

    Go in Users > Click on "+ New User" button

    User creation

    Preview of the user creation UI

    Run the initial diagnosis

    The diagnosis system is meant to provide an easy way to validate that all critical aspects of your server are properly configured - and guide you in how to fix issues. The diagnosis will run twice a day and send an alert if issues are detected.

    N.B. : don't run away ! The first time you run the diagnosis, it is quite expected to see a bunch of yellow/red alerts because you typically need to configure DNS records (if not using a domain), add a swapfile if not enough ram and/or port forwarding.

    If an alert is not relevant (for example because you don't intend on using a specific feature), it is perfectly fine to flag the issue as 'ignored' by going in the webadmin > Diagnosis, and clicking the ignore button for this specifc issue.

    To run a diagnosis, go on Web Admin in the Diagnosis section. Click Run initial diagnosis and you should get a screen like this :

    Preview of the diagnostic panel

    Get a Let's Encrypt certificate

    Once you configured DNS records and port forwarding (if needed), you should be able to install a Let's Encrypt certificate. This will get rid of the spooky security warning from earlier for new visitors.

    For more detailed instructions, or to lean more about SSL/TLS certificates, see the corresponding page here.

    Go in Domains > Click on your domain > SSL Certificate

    Preview of the diagnostic panel


    You now have a pretty well configured server. If you're new to YunoHost, we recommend to have a look at the guided tour. You should also be able to install your favourite applications. Don't forget to plan backups !

    Нашли ошибки? Думаете, что можете улучшить документацию? Simply click the Edit link at the top of the page, and then the icon on Github to suggest changes.