DNS zone configuration
DNS (domain name system) is a system that converts human-readable addresses (domain names) into machine-understandable addresses (IP). For your server to be easily accessible by human beings, and for some services like mail to work properly, DNS must be configured.
If you're using an automatic domain provided by the YunoHost Project, the configuration should be performed automatically. If you're using your own domain name (e.g. bought via a registrar), you should manually configure your domain on your registrar's interface.
Recommended DNS configuration
NB: Examples here use the placeholder
your.domain.tld, you have to replace it with your real domain, such as
YunoHost provides a recommended DNS configuration, available via :
- the webadmin, in Domain > your.domain.tld > DNS configuration ;
- or the command line,
yunohost domain dns-conf your.domain.tld
For specific needs or specific setups, and if you know what you're doing, you might want or have to tweak these, or add additional ones (e.g. to handle subdomains).
The recommended configuration typically looks like this:
# # Basic ipv4/ipv6 records # @ 3600 IN A 184.108.40.206 * 3600 IN A 220.127.116.11 # (If your server is IPv6 capable, there are some AAAA records) @ 3600 IN AAAA 2222:444:8888:3333:bbbb:5555:3333:1111 * 3600 IN AAAA 2222:444:8888:3333:bbbb:5555:3333:1111 # # XMPP # _xmpp-client._tcp 3600 IN SRV 0 5 5222 your.domain.tld. _xmpp-server._tcp 3600 IN SRV 0 5 5269 your.domain.tld. muc 3600 IN CNAME @ pubsub 3600 IN CNAME @ vjud 3600 IN CNAME @ xmpp-upload 3600 IN CNAME @ # # Mail (MX, SPF, DKIM and DMARC) # @ 3600 IN MX 10 your.domain.tld. @ 3600 IN TXT "v=spf1 a mx ip4:18.104.22.168 -all" mail._domainkey 3600 IN TXT "v=DKIM1; k=rsa; p=someHuuuuuuugeKey" _dmarc 3600 IN TXT "v=DMARC1; p=none"
Though it might be easier to understand it if displayed like this:
A few notes about this table
- Not all these lines are absolutely necessary. For a minimal setup, you only need the records in bold.
- The dot at the end of
your.domain.tld.is important ;) ;
your.domain.tld, and e.g.
- These are example values ! See your generated conf for the actual values you should use ;
- We recommend a TTL of 3600 (1 hour). But you can use something else if you know what you're doing ;
- Don't put an IPv6 record if you're not sure IPv6 really works on your server! You might have issues with Let's Encrypt if it doesn't.
If your global IP address is constantly changing, follow this tutorial.