Quick Menu

Hooks

YunoHost includes a hook mechanism triggered on a lot of operation changing the system. You can use this mechanism in order to extend the behaviour of a yunohost command.

The most obvious case is adding a user. If you had a post_user_create hook, this hook will be triggered as soon as a user is added.

How to add a custom hook on a specific instance

Bellow we imagine we want to run a command after each user creation to add the user to samba user.

You should create a directory with the name of the hooks into /etc/yunohost/hooks.d/:

mkdir -p /etc/yunohost/hooks.d/post_user_create

Next create a bash script inside this directory prefixed by 2 numbers and a dash:

nano /etc/yunohost/hooks.d/post_user_create/05-add-user-to-samba

How to add a hook in an app package

If you are packaging an app, you should not set by yourself the hook into /etc/yunohost/hooks.d instead you should create a hooks dir at the root of your package.

.
├── conf
├── hooks
├── scripts

In the hooks dir, create a bash script called with the type of hook you want to create for example post_create_user.

Hooks referencies

User and permissions

post_user_create

Triggered after user creation

This hooks is run at the end of the command yunohost user create or equivalent action in webadmin.

Environment variables
  • YNH_USER_USERNAME: The username of the created user
  • YNH_USER_MAIL: The mail of the created user
  • YNH_USER_PASSWORD: The clear password of the created user
  • YNH_USER_FIRSTNAME: The firstname of the created user (should be removed in future)
  • YNH_USER_LASTNAME: The lastname of the created user (should be removed in future)
Positionnal arguments (deprecated)
  • $1: The username of the created user
  • $2: The mail of the created user
No waited return
Examples
Send automatically a mail to new user
#!/bin/bash
domain=$(cat /etc/hostname)

message="Hello $YNH_USER_FIRSTNAME,
Welcome on $domain ! 
Feel free to <a href='https://$domain/yunohost/sso/edit.html'>change your password</a>.
Let me know if you have a problem,
The admin of $domain
"

echo $message | mail -s "Welcome on $domain !" $YNH_USER_MAIL

post_user_delete

Triggered at the end of user deletion

This hooks is run at the end of the command yunohost user delete or equivalent action in webadmin.

No environment variables
Positionnal arguments
  • $1: The username of the user deleted
  • $2: True if --purge option is used
No waited return
Examples
#!/bin/bash

post_user_update

Triggered at the end of the user update

This hooks is run at the end of the command yunohost user update or equivalent action in webadmin.

Environment variables

Only arguments given to the cli/api are given as environment variable.

  • YNH_USER_USERNAME: The username of the updated user
  • YNH_USER_FIRSTNAME: The firstname of the updated user (should be removed in future)
  • YNH_USER_LASTNAME: The lastname of the updated user (should be removed in future)
  • YNH_USER_PASSWORD: The new password of the updated user
  • YNH_USER_MAILS: The mail and mail aliases of the updated user seperated by comma
  • YNH_USER_MAILFORWARDS: The list of forward mails of the updated user separated by comma
  • YNH_USER_MAILQUOTA: The quota of the updated user (could be 0 or a number following by one of this unit: b, k, M, G or T)
No positionnal arguments
No waited return
Examples
Send a mail on password changing
#!/bin/bash
"
domain=$(cat /etc/hostname)

message="Hello,
Your password has been successfully changed on $domain.
If you have not asked for changing your password, you probably should contact the admin of $domain.
"

echo $message | mail -s "Your password has been changed on $domain !" $YNH_USER_USERNAME

post_app_addaccess

Triggered after adding a permission to users or groups

This hooks is run at the end of the command yunohost user permission add or equivalent action in webadmin.

No environment variables
Positionnal arguments (deprecated)
  • $1: The app name
  • $2: The list of users added separated by comma
  • $3: The name of the sub permission (main, admin, etc.)
  • $4: The list of groups added separated by comma
No waited return
Examples

post_app_removeaccess

Triggered after removing a pemission to users or groups

This hooks is run at the end of the command yunohost user permission remove or equivalent action in webadmin.

No environment variables
Positionnal arguments (deprecated)
  • $1: The app name
  • $2: The list of users removed from the permission separated by comma
  • $3: The name of the sub permission (main, admin, etc.)
  • $4: The list of groups removed from the permission separated by comma
No waited return
Examples

Domain, certificates and DNS

post_domain_add

Triggered at the end of the domain add operation

This hooks is run at the end of the command yunohost domain add or equivalent action in webadmin.

No environment variable
Positionnal arguments (deprecated)
  • $1: The domain added
No waited return
Examples

post_domain_remove

Triggered after removing the domain

This hooks is run at the end of the command yunohost domain remove or equivalent action in webadmin.

No environment variable
Positionnal arguments (deprecated)
  • $1: The domain removed
No waited return
Examples

post_cert_update

Triggered after Let's encrypt certificate update

This hooks is run at the end of the command yunohost domain cert update or equivalent action in webadmin.

No environment variable
Positionnal arguments
  • $1: The domain for which we have updated the certificate
No waited return
Examples
Restart a service after cert renewal
#!/bin/bash
systemctl restart gemserv

custom_dns_rules

Customized your DNS rules for your domains

This hooks is run at the end of the command yunohost domain dns suggest or equivalent action in webadmin.

Thanks to this hooks you can customize

No environment variable
Positionnal arguments
  • $1: The base domain for which we want to build a DNS suggestion
Waited return

The script should return a JSON array with dictionnary in this format:

[
    {
        'type': 'SRV',
        'name': 'stuff.foo.bar',
        'value': 'yoloswag',
        'ttl': 3600
    }
]
Examples
Validate Let's Encrypt DNS challenge with a YunoHost DynDNS domain
#!/bin/bash
if [[ "$1" == "XXXX.nohost.me" ]] ; then
    echo "[
        {
            'type': 'TXT',
            'name': '_acme-challenge',
            'value': 'LETSENCRYPT_VALUE',
            'ttl': 3600
        }
    ]"
fi

Apps

post_app_change_url

Triggered after an app has changed of URL

This hooks is run at the end of the command yunohost app change-url or equivalent action in webadmin.

Environment variables
  • YNH_APP_OLD_DOMAIN: The old domain of the app
  • YNH_APP_OLD_PATH: The old path of the app
  • YNH_APP_NEW_DOMAIN: The new domain of the app
  • YNH_APP_NEW_PATH: The new path of the app
No positionnal arguments
No waited return
Examples

post_app_upgrade

Triggered on app upgrade

This hooks is run at the end of the command yunohost app upgrade or equivalent action in webadmin.

Environment variables
  • YNH_APP_ID: The app id (for example nextcloud)
  • YNH_APP_INSTANCE_NAME: The app instance name (for example nextcloud__2)
  • YNH_APP_INSTANCE_NUMBER: The app instance number (for example 2)
  • YNH_APP_MANIFEST_VERSION: The app manifest version (for example 1 or ?)
  • YNH_ARCH: The arch as returned by dpkg --print-architecture
  • YNH_APP_UPGRADE_TYPE: The type of upgrade (UPGRADE_PACKAGE, UPGRADE_APP, UPGRADE_FULL)
  • YNH_APP_MANIFEST_VERSION: The version number
  • YNH_APP_CURRENT_VERSION: The version number of the app (in the yunohost format)
  • NO_BACKUP_UPGRADE: 1 if we don't want to backup else 0
No positionnal arguments
No waited return
Examples
Change a settings in an app config file (unmanaged by config panel)
#!/bin/bash

source /usr/share/yunohost/helpers
app=$YNH_APP_INSTANCE_NAME

if [[ "$app" == "etherpad_mypads" ]]; then
  ynh_write_var_in_file --file=/var/www/etherpad_mypads/settings.json --key=max --value=100 --after=importExportRateLimiting
  systemctl restart etherpad_mypads
fi

post_app_install

Triggered at the end of an app installation

This hooks is run at the end of the command yunohost app install or equivalent action in webadmin.

Environment variables
  • YNH_APP_ID: The app id (for example nextcloud)
  • YNH_APP_INSTANCE_NAME: The app instance name (for example nextcloud__2)
  • YNH_APP_INSTANCE_NUMBER: The app instance number (for example 2)
  • YNH_APP_MANIFEST_VERSION: The app manifest version (for example 1 or ?)
  • YNH_ARCH: The arch as returned by dpkg --print-architecture
  • YNH_APP_ARG_XXXXXXX: The argument of the manifest
No positionnal arguments
No waited return
Examples

post_app_remove

Triggered after removing an app

This hooks is run at the end of the command yunohost app remove or equivalent action in webadmin.

Environment variables
  • YNH_APP_ID: The app id (for example nextcloud)
  • YNH_APP_INSTANCE_NAME: The app instance name (for example nextcloud__2)
  • YNH_APP_INSTANCE_NUMBER: The app instance number (for example 2)
  • YNH_APP_MANIFEST_VERSION: The app manifest version (for example 1 or ?)
  • YNH_ARCH: The arch as returned by dpkg --print-architecture
  • YNH_APP_PURGE: 1 if the --purge option has been activated
No positionnal arguments
No waited return
Examples

Backup / Restore

backup

Add some files to backup

This hooks is run at the end of the command yunohost backup create or equivalent action in webadmin.

Environment variables
  • YNH_BACKUP_DIR: The work dir in which we can store temporary data to backup like database dump
  • YNH_BACKUP_CSV: The CSV in which we add the things to backup. Don't use this directly and use ynh_backup helper instead.
  • YNH_APP_BACKUP_DIR: To document
Positionnal arguments
  • $1: The work dir in which we can store temporary data to backup like database dump
No waited return
Examples
Backup some files in more (for example your custom hooks)
#!/bin/bash

# Source YNH helpers
source /usr/share/yunohost/helpers

ynh_backup_dest (){
    YNH_CWD="${YNH_BACKUP_DIR%/}/$1"
    mkdir -p $YNH_CWD
    cd "$YNH_CWD"
}

# Exit hook on subcommand error or unset variable
ynh_abort_if_errors

# MISC
ynh_backup_dest "conf/custom/misc"
ynh_backup "/etc/sysctl.d/noipv6.conf"
ynh_backup "/usr/local/bin/"

ynh_backup "/etc/yunohost/hooks.d/backup/99-conf_custom"
ynh_backup "/etc/yunohost/hooks.d/restore/99-conf_custom"

restore

Restore some files

This hooks is run at the end of the command yunohost backup restore or equivalent action in webadmin.

Environment variables
  • YNH_BACKUP_DIR: The work dir in which we can store temporary data to backup like database dump
  • YNH_BACKUP_CSV: The CSV in which we add the things to backup. Don't use this directly and use ynh_backup helper instead.
Positionnal arguments
  • $1: The work dir in which we can store temporary data to backup like database dump
No waited return
Examples
restore custom files
#!/bin/bash

# Source YNH helpers
source /usr/share/yunohost/helpers

ynh_restore_dest (){
    YNH_CWD="${YNH_BACKUP_DIR%/}/$1"
    cd "$YNH_CWD"
}

# Exit hook on subcommand error or unset variable
ynh_abort_if_errors

# MISC
ynh_restore_dest "conf/custom/misc"
ynh_restore_file "/etc/sysctl.d/noipv6.conf"
ynh_restore_file "/usr/local/bin/"

ynh_restore_file "/etc/yunohost/hooks.d/backup/99-conf_custom"
ynh_restore_file "/etc/yunohost/hooks.d/restore/99-conf_custom"

backup_method

Define a new way to backup and restore files

This hooks is run during the command yunohost backup create or equivalent action in webadmin.

This hook is called several times with different action keywords.

No environment variables
Positionnal arguments
  • $1: The action ("need_mount", "backup", "mount")
  • $2: The work dir
  • $3: The name of the backup
  • $4: The repository in which the backup should be done
  • $5: An estimation size of the files to backup
  • $6: A description of the archive
No waited return
Examples
A very simple backup on rotationnal disks
#!/bin/bash
set -euo pipefail

work_dir="$2"
name="$3"
repo="$4"
size="$5"
description="$6"

case "$1" in
  need_mount)
    # Set false if your method can itself put files in good place in your archive
    true
    ;;
  backup)
    mount /dev/sda1 /mnt/hdd
    if [[ "$(df /mnt/hdd | tail -n1 | cut -d" " -f1)" != "/dev/sda1" ]]
    then
        exit 1
    fi
    pushd "$work_dir"
    current_date=$(date +"%Y-%m-%d_%H:%M")
    cp -a "${work_dir}" "/mnt/hdd/${current_date}_$name"
    popd
    umount /mnt/hdd
    ;;
  *)
    echo "hook called with unknown argument \`$1'" >&2
    exit 1
    ;;
esac

exit 0

Configuration and firewall

post_iptable_rules

Triggered after reloaded the firewall rules

This hooks is run at the end of the command yunohost firewall reload or equivalent action in webadmin.

No environment variables
Positionnal arguments
  • $1: True if upnp has succeeded
  • $2: True if ipv6 is available
No waited return
Examples
Forbid completely the outgoing 25 port
#!/bin/bash
iptables -A OUTPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 25 -j ACCEPT

conf_regen

Change configuration suggested as default config in regen-conf mechanism

This hooks is run during the command yunohost tools regen-conf or equivalent action in webadmin.

This hook is called several times with different actions keywords (pre and post operations).

Environment variables
  • YNH_DOMAINS: The list of domains managed by Yunohost separated by comma
  • YNH_MAIN_DOMAINS: The list of main domains separated by comma
Positionnal arguments
  • $1: The pre or post action
  • $2: Empty string due to legacy
  • $3: Empty string due to legacy
  • $4: In post mode the list of file which should be modified. In pre mode the dir in which we store pending configuration
No waited return
Examples
Fix the warning about postfix compatibility mode in postfix logs
#!/bin/bash

action=$1
pending_dir=$4
postfix_conf=$pending_dir/../postfix/etc/postfix/main.cf

[[ "$action" == "pre" ]] || exit 0
[[ -e $postfix_conf ]] || exit 0
echo '
compatibility_level = 2' >> $postfix_conf

¿Encontraste errores? ¿Crees que puedes mejorar esta documentación? Simply click the Edit link at the top of the page, and then the icon on Github to suggest changes.